World Library  

QR link for Community Concepts in Plant Ecology: from Humboldtian Plant Geography to the Superorganism and Beyond : Volume 13, Issue 1 (13/12/2013)
Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Community Concepts in Plant Ecology: from Humboldtian Plant Geography to the Superorganism and Beyond : Volume 13, Issue 1 (13/12/2013)

By Nicolson, M.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004023317
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 8
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Community Concepts in Plant Ecology: from Humboldtian Plant Geography to the Superorganism and Beyond : Volume 13, Issue 1 (13/12/2013)  
Author: Nicolson, M.
Volume: Vol. 13, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ecology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Nicolson, M. (2013). Community Concepts in Plant Ecology: from Humboldtian Plant Geography to the Superorganism and Beyond : Volume 13, Issue 1 (13/12/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Centre for the History of Medicine, School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8RT, UK. The paper seeks to provide an introduction to, and review of, the history of concepts of the plant community. Eighteenth-century naturalists recognised that vegetation was distributed geographically and that different species of plants and animals were interconnected in what would later be called ecological relationships. It was not, however, until the early nineteenth century that the study of vegetation became a distinctive and autonomous form of scientific inquiry. Humboldt was the first to call communities of plants associations. His programme for the empirical study of plant communities was extended by many European and North American botanists, throughout the nineteenth and into the twentieth century. There developed an almost complete consensus among ecologists that vegetation was made up of natural communities, discrete entities with real boundaries. However, there was little agreement about the nature of the putative unit or how it should be classified. Gleason advanced the alternative view that vegetation was an assemblage of individual plants, with each species being distributed according to its own physiological requirements and competitive interactions. This debate was never wholly resolved and the divergent opinions can be discerned within early ecosystem theory.

Community concepts in plant ecology: from Humboldtian plant geography to the superorganism and beyond

Browne, J.: The Secular Ark: Studies in the History of Biogeography, New Haven, Yale U.P., 1983.; Becking, R. W.: The Zurich-Montpellier School of Phytosociology, Bot. Rev., 23, 411–488, 1957.; Bocking, S.: The ecosystem: research and practice in North America, Web Ecol., 13, 43–47, doi:10.5194/we-13-43-2013, 2013.; Bradley, R.: New Improvements of Planting and Gardening, both Philosophical and Practical, London, 3 Vols., 1718.; Braun-Blanquet, J.: Pflanzensoziologie: Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde, Berlin, Springer, 1928.; Braun-Blanquet, J.: Plant Sociology: The Study of Plant Communities, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1932.; Braun-Blanquet, J.: L'école phytosociologique zuricho-montpelliéraine et la S.I.G.M.A., Vegetatio, 16, 1–78, 1968.; Cittadino, E.: Nature as Laboratory: Darwinian Plant Ecology in the German Empire, 1880–1900, Cambridge, Cambridge U.P., 1990.; Clements, F. E.: Plant Succession: An Analysis of the Development of Vegetation, Washington, D.C., Carnegie Institute, 1916a.; Clements, F. E.: The Development and Structure of Biotic Communities, J. Ecol., 5, 12–21, 1916b.; Clements, F. E.: Social Origins and Processes among Plants, in: A Handbook of Social Psychology, edited by: Murchison, C. and Worcester, M. A., Clark University Press, 1935.; Clements, F. E. and Shelford, V. E.: Bioecology, New York, Wiley, 1939.; Coleman, W.: Evolution into Ecology? The Strategy of Warming's Ecological Plant Geography, J. Hist. Biol., 19, 181–196, 1986.; Conard, H. C.: Plant Associations of Central Long Island: A Study in Descriptive Phytosociology, Amer. Mid. Nat., 16, 433–516, 1935.; Cooper, W. S.: The Fundamentals of Vegetational Change, Ecology, 7, 391–413, 1926.; Cowles, H. C.: The Physiographic Ecology of Chicago and Vicinity: A Study of the Origin, Development and Classification of Plant Societies, Bot. Gaz., 31, 73–108, 145–182, 1901.; Curtis, J. T.: The Vegetation of Wisconsin: An Ordination of Plant Communities, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1959.; Curtis, J. T.: Letter to H. J. Oosting, 10 February, 1961, Curtis Papers, University Archives, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1961.; Du Rietz, G. E.: Linnaeus as a Phytogeographer, Vegetatio, 5, 161–168, 1957.; Drude, O.: Deutschlands Pflanzengeographie: Ein Geographisches Charakterbild der Flora von Deutschland und den Angrenzenden Alpen-sowie Karpathenländern, Stuttgart, Engelhorn, 1896.; Egerton, F. N.: Changing Concepts of the Balance of Nature, Quart. Rev. Biol., 48, 322–350, 1973.; Egerton, F. N.: A History of the Ecological Sciences, Part 23: Linnaeus and the Economy of Nature, Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer., 88, 72–88, 2007.; Eliot, C.: Method and Metaphysics in Clements's and Gleason's Ecological Explanations, Stud. Hist. Philos. Biol. Biomed. Sci., 38, 85–109, 2007.; Eliot, C.: The Legend of Order and Chaos: Communities and Early Community Ecology, in: Handbook of the Philosophy of Science 11: Philosophy of Ecology, edited by: de Laplante, K., Brown, B., and Peacock, K. A., Philadelphia, Elsevier, 49–107, 2011.; Gleason, H. A.: The Structure and Development of the Plant Association, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 43, 463–481, 1917.; Gleason, H. A.: The Individualistic Concept of the Plant Association, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 53, 7–26, 1926.; Gleason, H. A.: The Individualistic Concept of the Plant Association, Amer. Mid. Nat., 21, 92–111, 1939.; Goodland, R. J.: The Tropical Origin of Ecology: Eugen Warming's Jubilee, Oikos, 26, 240–245, 1975.; Gradmann, R.: Über Begriffsbildung in der Lehre von den Planzenformationen, Bot. Jahr., 43, 91–103, 1909.; Grisebach, A. H. R.: Über den Einfluss des Climas auf die Begränzung eer Natürlichen Floren, Linnaea, 12, 159–200, 1838.; Grisebach, A. H. R.: Die Vegetation der Erde nach ihrer Klimatischen Anordnung, Leipzig, Englemann, 1872.; Hagen, J. B.: An Entangled Bank: The Origins of Ecosystem Ecology, New Brunswick, Rutgers U.P., 1992.; Harper, J. L.: The Contributions


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.