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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 9241590963: Partnership Work ; The Health Service–Community Interface for the Prevention, Care and Treatment of HIV/AIDS

By Keith Hansen

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Book Id: WPLBN0000178303
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 9241590963: Partnership Work ; The Health Service–Community Interface for the Prevention, Care and Treatment of HIV/AIDS  
Author: Keith Hansen
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Hansen, K. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 9241590963. Retrieved from http://cn.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Better collaborative interaction between the health services and the communities could help to address the challenge of scaling up HIV/AIDS services at the community level. A consultation on Enhancement of the Health Services/Community Interface for HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care and Treatment was held from 5 to 6 December 2002 at the headquarters of the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland. The consultation was convened by the HIV department of the Family and Community Health Cluster of WHO. The participants at the meeting included partners from United Nations and other international organizations, experts and activists from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) working with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS researchers, advisers on HIV/AIDS from the WHO regional offices and staff from other departments at WHO headquarters undertaking related work or having relevant expertise. The aim of the Consultation was to identify roles for WHO in enhancing the interface between the health services and the communities. This aim was expressed through the following specific objectives: 1. to review the previous and current work by the United Nations that is relevant to the health services–community interface; 2. to identify the opportunities and constraints of the health services–community interface relevant to HIV/AIDS; and 3. to identify the roles that WHO should play to enhance the health services–community interface for HIV/AIDS. This report comprises three main sections. The first section addresses the challenges and opportunities for collaborative interaction and partnerships between health services and communities. This section includes chapters of the original background paper from the meeting and of the presentations made during the meeting. These include a review of previous relevant work, highlighting the practical and operational underpinnings of collaborative efforts, and a discussion of the potential challenges as well as of the successes that might be expected when fostering partnership development for addressing HIV/AIDS.

Table of Contents
Contents List of participants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Executive summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Rationale and background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Section 1: Structural and operational underpinnings of partnership work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 An introduction to the structural and operational underpinnings of partnership work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 District health systems and partnerships for HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 The interface between the health services and the communities: summary of a review of related work by the United Nations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Human capacity development: a partnership response to HIV/AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Collaborative interaction with the communities: constraints and opportunities for the health services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Section 2: Partnerships for HIV/AIDS: case presentations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Bridging the gap between the communities and the service providers by way of local responses: the district response initiative in Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Health services–community interface for HIV/AIDS: initiatives in China, Cambodia and Viet Nam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 The role of the community in the control of tuberculosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Nurse facilitators working together with the community in HIV/AIDS prevention and care: experiences from Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Partnerships between sex workers and government health services for HIV prevention: marginalized women in Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Community capacity for treatment: the “Solidarity in treatment” project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Afterword to the case presentations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Section 3: Conclusions and recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Outcomes of the meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Strategies and mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 WHO roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Annex: List of abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

 
 



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