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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1996, 0419216006 - in English: Water Quality Assessments ; A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring ; Second Edition

By Deborah Chapman

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Book Id: WPLBN0000155048
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 5.4 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 1996, 0419216006 - in English: Water Quality Assessments ; A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring ; Second Edition  
Author: Deborah Chapman
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Chapman, D. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 1996, 0419216006 - in English. Retrieved from http://cn.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The outcome of the IHD working group and their collaborators was not meant to constitute a treatise on water chemistry or water pollution problems, but was a document attempting to link water quality considerations to aspects of the quantitative hydrology of surface and groundwater bodies. Advice was also included on the organisation of hydrological services, methods of conducting water quality surveys, and interpretation and evaluation of water quality data for hydrological purposes. An attempt was also made to meet the needs of developing regions by describing methods likely to be applied in these regions, both from the point of view of practicability and economy. On the other hand the report also aimed to be attractive to industrialised countries by including references to sophisticated methods. It appeared that many hydrologists found difficulty in coping with water quality problems, and that hydrological surveys and water quality studies were not often adequately linked. The joint UNESCO/WHO publication Water Quality Surveys (1978) was, therefore, intended to harmonise these aspects and to synthesise the assessment of the hydrological regime and quality changes brought about by nature and man. The publication became a success world-wide and soon ran out of stock. The two Secretariats of UNESCO and WHO considered a re-print of the 1978 version, but decided to compile a completely new edition in view of the following:

Table of Contents
Table of Contents Foreword to the first edition Foreword to the second edition Summary and scope Acknowledgements Abbreviations used in text Chapter 1 - AN INTRODUCTION TO WATER QUALITY 1.1. Characterisation of water bodies 1.2. Definitions related to water quality 1.3. Anthropogenic impacts on water quality 1.4. Pollutant sources and pathways 1.5. Spatial and temporal variations 1.6. Economic development and water quality 1.7. References Chapter 2 - STRATEGIES FOR WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT 2.1. Introduction 2.2. The water quality assessment process 2.3. Typical water quality monitoring programmes 2.4. Design of assessment programmes 2.5. Implementation of water quality assessment programmes 2.6. Data processing 2.7. Data quality control 2.8. Interpretation and dissemination of data 2.9. Recommendations 2.10. References Chapter 3 - SELECTION OF WATER QUALITY VARIABLES 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Hydrological variables 3.3. General variables 3.4. Nutrients 3.5. Organic matter 3.6. Major ions 3.7. Other inorganic variables 3.8. Metals 3.9. Organic contaminants 3.10. Microbiological indicators 3.11. Selection of variables 3.12. Summary and recommendations 3.13. References Chapter 4 - THE USE OF PARTICULATE MATERIAL 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Composition of particulate matter 4.3. Transport and deposition 4.4. Environmental control of particulate matter quality 4.5. Sampling of particulate matter 4.6. Analysis of particulate matter 4.7. Development of a programme for assessing particulate matter quality 4.8. Data evaluation 4.9. The use of participate material in water quality assessments: case studies 4.10. Conclusions and future developments 4.11. References Chapter 5 - THE USE OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Factors affecting biological systems in the aquatic environment 5.3. Uses and benefits of biological methods 5.4. Ecological methods 5.5. Microbiological methods 5.6. Physiological and biochemical methods 5.7. Methods for assessing toxic pollution in controlled environments 5.8. The use of aquatic organisms in chemical monitoring 5.9. Histological and morphological methods 5.10. Biological sampling strategies and techniques 5.11. Selection of biological methods: case studies 5.12. Conclusions and recommendations 5.13. References Chapter 6 - RIVERS 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Hydrological characteristics 6.3. Chemical characteristics 6.4. Biological characteristics 6.5. Major water quality issues in rivers 6.6. Strategies for water quality assessment in river systems 6.7. Approaches to river monitoring and assessment: case studies 6.8. Summary and conclusions 6.9. References Chapter 7 - LAKES 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Characteristics and typology 7.3. Water quality issues 7.4. The application of sediment studies in lakes 7.5. Assessment strategies 7.6. Approaches to lake assessment: case studies 7.7. Summary and conclusions 7.8. References Chapter 8 - RESERVOIRS 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Construction and uses 8.3. Special characteristics of reservoirs 8.4. Water quality issues 8.5. Sampling strategies 8.6. Approaches to reservoir assessment 8.7. Summary and conclusions 8.8. References Chapter 9 - GROUNDWATER 9.1. Introduction 9.2. Characteristics of groundwater bodies 9.3. Water-soil-rock interactions 9.4. Groundwater quality issues 9.5. Assessment strategies 9.6. Examples of groundwater assessment 9.7. Conclusions and recommendations 9.8. References Chapter 10 - DATA HANDLING AND PRESENTATION 10.1. Introduction 10.2. Handling, storage and retrieval of water quality data 10.3. Data characteristics 10.4. Basic statistics 10.5. Basic graphical methods 10.6. Data analysis and interpretation methods 10.7. Advanced data analysis and management techniques 10.8. Examples of the application of data analysis and presentation 10.9. References Appendix 10.1 Basic design for sampling programmes

 
 



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