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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened by the Regional Office for Europe, Veterinary Public Health, No. 71.28: Guidelines for Surveil Lance, Prevention and Control of Ech/Nococcos/S/H Yda Tdosis

By J. Eckert

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Book Id: WPLBN0000013999
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Title: World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened by the Regional Office for Europe, Veterinary Public Health, No. 71.28: Guidelines for Surveil Lance, Prevention and Control of Ech/Nococcos/S/H Yda Tdosis  
Author: J. Eckert
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Eckert, J. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened by the Regional Office for Europe, Veterinary Public Health, No. 71.28. Retrieved from http://cn.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
The need for the elaboration of strategies and methods for control of zoonoses and foodborne diseases was recognized by the Thirty-first World Health Assembly held in May 1978. In its resolution WHA31.48 on Prevention and control of zoonoses and foodborne disease due to animal products, the Assembly invited Member States to formulate and implement countrywide programmes for the control of these diseases as an integral part of national health programmes and requested the Director-General to promote the extension of a network of zoonoses centres in all regions, so that the necessary support can be provided to country health programmes. It also requested further development of national, regional and global strategies, and of methods for the surveillance, prevention and control of zoonoses and foodborne diseases.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Page PmFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Generalobjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Specificobjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 SUMMARY OF SEQUENTIAL STEPS RECOMMENDED FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ECHINOCOCCOSIS CONTROL PROGRAMME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 CHAPTER 1 . SYSTEMATICS. BIOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.2 General description of the parasite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.3 General l i f e cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.4 Species of the genus Echinococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1.4.1 Echinococcus granulosus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.4.1.1 Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.4.1.2 Hostrange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 1.4.2 Echinococcus multilocularis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 1.4.2.1 Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 1 4. 2.2 Host range 13 1.4.3 Echinococcus oligarthrus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' . . .17 1.4.3.1 Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 1.4.3.2 Hostrange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 1.4.4 Echinococcus vogeli . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 1.4.4.1 Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 1.4.4.2 Host range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 1.5 Variation within the genus Echinococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 1.5.1 ReproductioninEchinococcus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 1.5.2 Inter- and intra-specific variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 1.5.3 The taxonomic validity of subspecies and variants . . . . . . . . . . .18 1.6 Strain differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7 Evaluation of local s t r a i n characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 .I.7 .1 Fieldobservations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.2 Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.3 Transmissionstudies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.4 Other c r i t e r i a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.4.1 I n v i t r o c u l t i v a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.4.2 Biochemical studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.4.3 Developmental studies in definitive hosts . . . . . . . . . .20 1.7.4.4 Intermediate host specificity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

 
 



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