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Philosophy


Philosophy as a category is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek philosophia, which literally means "love of wisdom".

 
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Sacred Books

By: M. Winternitz

THE period covered by the inception, the publication, and the completion of the Sacred Books of the East exactly coincides with the thirty-four years that I have spent in Oxford. When I matriculated, Professor Max Muller, the editor of the series, was about to begin work on the first volume, which appeared while I was still an undergraduate. I lost no time in making his acquaintance, for it was the influence of one of his works that had stimulated me to begin under Pro...

Habeltt sua lata libelli-not only after they have been published, but sometimes even before they are printed. It was in the spring of 1894 that the late Professor Max Muller first suggested to me that I should compile a General Index of the names and subject-matter for the complete series of the Sacred Books of the East. Such an Index, he thought, would be a great help to all students of the Sacred Books of tile East, and of the greatest value for the study of the history of religions.

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Watermelon Credo

By: Wally Amos

Due to the success of my Watermelon Credo Post, I created this book. Each letter in the word WATERMELON is a chapter. The W in Watermelon stands for: Whatever you believe creates your reality. And this book is a perfect example.What began as a wall poster is now a book. In his latest and happiest work yet, Wally Amos spells out in heart-warming, well-chosen words how to fill your life with inspiration and fun. Renowned as a cookie man and motivational speaker, Wally draw...

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Abstracta and Possibilia: Modal Foundations of Mathematical Platonism

By: Hasen Khudairi

This paper aims to provide modal foundations for mathematical platonism. I examine Hale and Wright's (2009) objections to the merits and need, in the defense of mathematical platonism and its epistemology, of the thesis of Necessitism. In response to Hale and Wright's objections to the role of epistemic and metaphysical modalities in providing justification for both the truth of abstraction principles and the success of mathematical predicate reference, I examine the Nec...

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Absolute Decidability and Mathematical Modality

By: Hasen Khudairi

This paper aims to contribute to the analysis of the nature of mathematical modality, and to the applications of the latter to unrestricted quantification and absolute decidability. Rather than countenancing the interpretational type of mathematical modality as a primitive, I argue that the interpretational type of mathematical modality is a species of epistemic modality. I argue, then, that the framework of multi-dimensional intensional semantics ought to be applied to ...

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Bhagvad-Gita Treatise of Self-Help

By: BS Murthy

Bhagavad-Gita is the most beautiful, perhaps the only true philosophical song existing in any known tongue – so opined William von Humboldt, who wrote seven-hundred verses in its praise. It is a matter of consensus that Bhagvad-Gita in the present length of seven hundred slokas has many an interpolation to it, but no meaningful attempt has ever been made to delve into the nature and extent, not to speak of the effect of these on the Hindu society at large. The m...

All about Life - Chapter 2 This character defining chapter of the Gita comprising 72 slokas, known as saankhya yoga, Realization through Knowledge, is regarded by many, as the peerless part of the great epic. Arjuna’s dilemma, meanwhile, turns into grief, as the horrific prospect of slaying Bhishma, his revered granduncle, and Drona, his venerated guru, sinks into his consciousness. Bogged down by sentiment, Arjuna appeals to Lord Krishna for guidance. The Lord’s respon...

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Miscellaneous Jottings : of Lindsay Falvey from diverse books read...

By: Dr. Lindsay Falvey

This miscellany of thoughts stimulated by books I have read was for my own purposes. As is normal, my thoughts today have moved on with time, yet they are useful for me to see where some ideas may have arisen. Whether seen as essays, a diary or a like a blog is of little concern to me, for it is just a convergence of my understanding and questioning and as such can seen repetitive.

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Where Men and Gods Fear to Tread: Beyond the Lies (Complete)

By: Justin Ronk

Where Men and Gods Fear to Tread lays out the intertwined nature of all major world religions and even shows the religion from which they are all descended (the Urreligion). It also incorporates discussion of every major world's religions basic practices, philosophies, and shortcomings. This is the updated version of the original published in 2012 to include the additional section at the end for a complete read. There has also been a few minor formatting updates.

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The wronged humanity: the crisis of civilizational sense

By: Boris Somrak

In the sombre time of the last crumbling beacons of Western democracy, “The Wronged Humanity” stays as an uncompromising yet humanly warm critique of the current moment of our civilization, advocating a new renaissance of humanity. Inspirational and encouraging yet grave and fundamental in its warning tone, the book aims a general audience worldwide. Belonging to an interdisciplinary area of general political and social science, the book analyses the main factors that bl...

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UNIVERSAL CONSCIOUSNESS : The participatory universe: The particip...

By: Guru alexis karpouzos

The universe is not a world of separate things and events but is a cosmos that is connected, coherent, and bears a profound resemblance to the visions held in the earliest spiritual traditions in which the physical world and spiritual experience were both aspects of the same reality and man and the universe were one. The findings that justify this new vision of the underlying logic of the universe come from almost all of the empirical sciences: physics, cosmology, the li...

Our souls are tied across universes, there is unbroken continuity, you see the love is more powerful than death, so let the winds of the heavens to dance with you and give your smile at the other's welcome.

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The Total Presence

By: Bruno Campello

The Total presence is a new exhibition, conceived according to a different plan from the essential theses contained in the book de l’Être, which constitutes the first volume of the Dialectic of the Eternal Present. This work had seemed difficult to a certain number of readers: the same doctrine will be found here, reduced to a simpler line and, so to speak, ideal, relieved of all the particular issues that it risked sharing the attention, of all the technical issues t...

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On the Psychology of Philosophy: An Introduction to Cognietrics

By: A. O. Deutsch

People have asked about the subject of my book, and how it is possible to calculate the definition of philosophical concepts such as knowledge and deduction from combinations of psychological aptitudes using abstract algebra. For this reason I would like to share with you one of the results calculated in my book. Myers-Briggs types are classified as: Introverted or Extraverted, iNtuitive (imaginative) or Sensing (realistic), Thinking (logical) or Feeling (emotional), an...

The Reason for Jungian Typology Heraclitus said, “if there is one thing that is immutable, it is change”. Naturally our responses to such an unpredictable idea differ as they evolve to meet it. We may ask: Should I be concerned with specific (Introverted) or general (Extraverted) change? This is important because the very concept of change implies degrees of change. Should I respond to change (Sensing) or initiate it (iNtuiting)? This is important because we are bot...

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Chance Encounters : . . . is but a dream: . . . is but a dream

By: James Keith Wright

Have you ever wondered if the stranger sitting next to you held the answers to life's secrets?

"Actually the article covers the latest theory of what happened during the first second after the Big Bang occurred. Have you ever heard of the Big Bang?" "Of course I have," she said. "That's the creation myth of science, isn't it?"

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La distinction entre falsification et rejet dans le problème de la...

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

Malgré les critiques de la théorie de Karl Popper sur la falsifiabilité pour la démarcation entre la science et la non-science, principalement la pseudo-science, ce critère est toujours très utile et parfaitement valide après avoir été perfectionné par Popper et ses disciples. De plus, même dans sa version originale, qualifiée de « dogmatique » par Lakatos, Popper n’a pas affirmé que cette méthode constituait un critère absolu de démarcation : un seul contre-exemple ne s...

Dans cet article, je soutiens que, malgré les critiques de la théorie de Karl Popper sur la falsifiabilité pour la démarcation entre la science et la non-science, principalement la pseudo-science, ce critère est toujours très utile et parfaitement valide après avoir été perfectionné par Popper et ses disciples. De plus, même dans sa version originale, qualifiée de « dogmatique » par Lakatos, Popper n’a pas affirmé que cette méthode constituait un critère absolu de démarc...

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Notes of an Underground Humanist

By: Dr. Chris Wright

In a decadent late-capitalist society, humanism is under attack from all directions. It's time we fought back and reclaimed what it means to be human, embracing the best of what history and thought have bequeathed us.

The world has changed since 2007, when I wrote the preface to the first edition of this book. That was still the age of capitalist triumphalism, of glacial politics in the U.S. and the Despair of the Activist. Cultural ennui—personal ennui for me. Aimlessness. Since 2008, though, and especially since 2011, life has taken on a new coloring. Horizons have opened; the world is in tumult, even more than it was, and nothing seems permanent anymore. Things have continued to ge...

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Isaac Newton sur l'action à distance en gravitation : Avec ou sans...

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

L'interprétation des textes d'Isaac Newton a suscité une controverse à ce jour. L'un des débats les plus animés a trait à l'action entre deux corps distants l'un de l'autre (l'attraction gravitationnelle), et à la mesure dans laquelle Newton a impliqué Dieu dans ce cas. Pratiquement, la plupart des articles traitent quatre types d’attractions gravitationnelles dans le cas des corps distants : l’action directe à la distance en tant que propriété intrinsèque des corps au s...

L'interprétation des textes d'Isaac Newton a suscité une controverse à ce jour. L'un des débats les plus animés a trait à l'action entre deux corps distants l'un de l'autre (l'attraction gravitationnelle), et à la mesure dans laquelle Newton a impliqué Dieu dans ce cas. Pratiquement, la plupart des articles traitent quatre types d’attractions gravitationnelles dans le cas des corps distants : l’action directe à la distance en tant que propriété intrinsèque des corps au s...

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Agriculture & Philosophy : Agricultural Science in Philosophy: Agr...

By: Dr. john LINDSAY FALVEY

A treatment of agriculture, food and related sciences as integral components of philosophy

Prologue This book deals with the transition from knowledge to wisdom. Wisdom justifies the use of the word philosophy throughout the text from its etymology of ‘the love of wisdom’, which across millennia has been interpreted as understanding of life. Such understanding is more than knowledge and in order to avoid more esoteric approaches to wisdom philosophy is discussed as integrating all knowledge including the sciences and experiential learning. I acknowledge at th...

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Why Bad Things Can’t Happen To Good People

By: AiR AtmanInRavi; AiR AtmanInRavi

In this world, there is a constant unfolding of events, some good and some bad. Life is like a merry-go-round and we pass both pleasure and pain in this journey called life. When good things happen, we are happy, but when tragedies strike, we become unhappy. Our sorrow reaches a peak when misfortune strikes good people. This book will create a paradigm shift and change people's perspectives about problems and tragedies. It will help people realize that the Creator is ...

In this world, there is a constant unfolding of events, some good and some bad. Life is like a merry-go-round and we pass both pleasure and pain in this journey called life. When good things happen, we are happy, but when tragedies strike, we become unhappy. Our sorrow reaches a peak when misfortune strikes good people. This book will create a paradigm shift and change people's perspectives about problems and tragedies. It will help people realize that the Creator is ...

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The Ultimate Goal of Life – MEN – Moksha, Enlightenment, Nirvana

By: AiR AtmanInRavi; AiR AtmanInRavi

We seem to be actors on this humongous stage called Earth. This magic show called 'Life' seems to be controlled by a Cosmic Magician through His own universal laws that make things happen in order. Nothing happens by chance. We know that, don't we? If we investigate and study 'MEN', Moksha, Enlightenment, and Nirvana, it will help us understand the A to Z of Spirituality and lead us to discover the Ultimate Purpose of life.

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My Philosophical Ideas, Vol 3

By: Antonio Pinto Renedo

This book represents a journey through the world through meditation.

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My philosophical ideas 2

By: Antonio Pinto Renedo

This book represents a journey through the world through meditation

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