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Philosophy


Philosophy as a category is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek philosophia, which literally means "love of wisdom".

 
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Sacred Books

By: M. Winternitz

THE period covered by the inception, the publication, and the completion of the Sacred Books of the East exactly coincides with the thirty-four years that I have spent in Oxford. When I matriculated, Professor Max Muller, the editor of the series, was about to begin work on the first volume, which appeared while I was still an undergraduate. I lost no time in making his acquaintance, for it was the influence of one of his works that had stimulated me to begin under Pro...

Habeltt sua lata libelli-not only after they have been published, but sometimes even before they are printed. It was in the spring of 1894 that the late Professor Max Muller first suggested to me that I should compile a General Index of the names and subject-matter for the complete series of the Sacred Books of the East. Such an Index, he thought, would be a great help to all students of the Sacred Books of tile East, and of the greatest value for the study of the history of religions.

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Watermelon Credo

By: Wally Amos

Due to the success of my Watermelon Credo Post, I created this book. Each letter in the word WATERMELON is a chapter. The W in Watermelon stands for: Whatever you believe creates your reality. And this book is a perfect example.What began as a wall poster is now a book. In his latest and happiest work yet, Wally Amos spells out in heart-warming, well-chosen words how to fill your life with inspiration and fun. Renowned as a cookie man and motivational speaker, Wally draw...

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Farsi Translation of the Book One of the Will to Power, As I Under...

By: Shahram Torabi; شهرام ترابی

ترجمه فارسی کتاب اول اراده معطوف به قدرت فردریش نیچه ، نیستگرایی در اروپا، آنچنانکه من می فهمم، همراه با تفسیر و اضافه اطلاعاتی در باب هر موضوع و هر شماره یادداشت نیچه

1 (1886 ـ 1885) خطوط کلی بحث 1. پوچگرایی جلوی پاشنه در ایستاده است : این میهمان کریه و زشت از کجا پیدایش شده است؟ از کجا آمده است : اگر فکر کنیم «مصیبت اجتماعی » ، «زوال روحی و روانی » یا ، از آن بدتر ، تباهی ، علت پوچگرایی است اشتباه است. عصر ما شریف ترین و رحمانی‌ترین اعصار است. گرفتاری و مصیبت چه روحی و روانی چه جسمی چه در ارتباط با به‌هم ریختگی فکر به‌خودی خود نمی‌تواند موجب زایش پوچگرایی باشد ( و به رد و انکار ارزش‌ها ، معنای زندگی و خواسته ها و تمایلات منجر شو...

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Farsi Translation of the Book Two of the Will to Power, As I Under...

By: Shahram Torabi; شهرام ترابی

ترجمه کتاب دوم میل به قدرت فردریش نیچه آنطور که من می فهمم، نقد ارزشهای عالی

283 ( 1888 ـ 1883 ) تنفر از جسم و روح های دارای امتیاز برتر : طغیان زشت و بدنهادها علیه زیبایان ، افتخار کنندگان به خود ، شادمان ها. وسیله‌ای که دارند : تحریک احساسات مردم علیه زیبایی ، افتخار ، شادی : "هیچ شایستگی در این‌ها نیست" ، "خطر بسیار فوق العاده است : فرد باید بلرزد و بترسد و احساس کند مریض است" ، "چیزهای طبیعی ، بد و شرارت است. حق بر این است که با امیال طبیعی مخالفت کرد." همینطور با "خرد". ( هر چیز که غیرطبیعی باشد در مرتبه بالاتری قرار دارد). دوباره این کش...

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Farsi Translation of the Book Three of the Will to Power, As I und...

By: Shahram Torabi; شهرام ترابی

Translation of Western Philosophy of Nietzsche.

468 ( بهار ـ پاییز 1887 ) ابداع گران نام آور شیوه کار علمی ارسطو ، بیکن و دکارت ، آگوست کومت بوده اند. بعد از اینکه شیوه شناسی کار علمی به سبک جدید در قرن نوزده را برتر از خود علم عنوان می‌کند نیچه نام چهار تن را به عنوان شیوه علمی شناسان بزرگ در طول تاریخ نام می برد که یکی از نخستین شیوه شناس ، ارسطو ، مربوط به دوران فلاسفه یونان و سه تن دیگر شیوه شناسان جدید بوده‌اند کلاً به دلیل شیوه علمی ابداعی که عرضه داشته اند معنای آنچه را که می‌تواند دانش و علم واقعی ت...

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Farsi Translation of the Book Four of The Will to Power, As I Unde...

By: Shahram Torabi; شهرام ترابی

This is just a Farsi translation of the Will to Power of Nietzsche with additional information and interpretation for each note.

951 (بهار ـ پاییز 1887) جنگ با زنانه شدن مفهوم "شرافت" ! ـــ شرف به درجه‌ای از خشونت نیاز دارد ، نه آن قدر که به جرم و جنایتی منجر شود. خوش آمدن از خودی نباید درکار باشد. فرد باید اهل ماجراجویی ، اهل آزمایش و تجربه ، و نسبت به خودش ویرانگر باشد ـــ روح لطیف خاله زنکی نداشته باشد ـــ . ما می‌خواهیم برای ایده‌آل های محکم و قوی‌ جا باز کنیم. 952 (1886 ـ 1884) "بهشت زیر سایه شمشیر است" ـــ این نماد جنگ سالاران و شریف زادگانی است که به این معنا همدیگر را تمجید م...

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Farsi Translation of the Book Four of The Will to Power, As I Unde...

By: Shahram Torabi; شهرام ترابی

This is just a Farsi translation of the Will to Power of Nietzsche with additional information and interpretation for each note.

951 (بهار ـ پاییز 1887) جنگ با زنانه شدن مفهوم "شرافت" ! ـــ شرف به درجه‌ای از خشونت نیاز دارد ، نه آن قدر که به جرم و جنایتی منجر شود. خوش آمدن از خودی نباید درکار باشد. فرد باید اهل ماجراجویی ، اهل آزمایش و تجربه ، و نسبت به خودش ویرانگر باشد ـــ روح لطیف خاله زنکی نداشته باشد ـــ . ما می‌خواهیم برای ایده‌آل های محکم و قوی‌ جا باز کنیم. 952 (1886 ـ 1884) "بهشت زیر سایه شمشیر است" ـــ این نماد جنگ سالاران و شریف زادگانی است که به این معنا همدیگر را تمجید م...

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Discover Your Personal Core Values

By: Seraj Ahmad Misbahi

Discover Your Personal Core Values

Discover Your Personal Core Values

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Mudhumayil Udhitha Kavidhaigal - Thought provoking poetry in Tamil

By: Bheemachar BN

Tamil poems written by nonagenarian BN Bheemacheer. Thought provoking and in small capsules for easy understanding, a few friends brought this collection out in the form of booklet a few years ago. Hope you will enjoy and learn a good deal from his experiences too!

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MEVLÂNA (RUMİ) : Gel! Ne olursan ol, yine gel!: Gel! Ne olursan ol...

By: Emrah Bekçi

Mevlâna (Rumi)'nin gençliği, Şems-i Tebrizi ile olan ilişkisi, ailesi, yakınları, felsefesi, dünyaya bıraktığı mirası, Mesnevisinden bestelenen ayinleri ve fotoğraflar.

‘’GEL...’’ Ne Büyük Cümle... Leyla Mecnuna avazlanır, Arap çöllerinde… Tebrizli Şemseddin, Celaleddin’e… Yunus Taptuğuna… Mansur, kendini boğacak, Hallaçtan örülen ipliğe… Nesimi’nin umrunda değil kasaplar… Minnet eylemeyene, avaz… Dante, edebiyat nankörü… Beatrice için vermiş tüm şiirlerini… Petrarca, hep yalnızlık içinde aramış kendini… Boccacio, hikaye anlatmış avazlanarak… Macchiavelli, siyasete sıkıştırmış avazını… Ariosto, destanları ile seslenmiş… Tas...

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Paradoxismul civic : Nonsensul Sensului: Nonsensul Sensului

By: Florentin Smarandache; Andrușa Vătuiu

Paradoxismul este o mișcare internațională de avangardă în literatură, artă, filozofie, chiar și în știință, bazată pe folosirea excesivă de antiteze, antinomii, contradicții, oximorone, parabole, inversări sau devieri de sensuri, interpretări de la figurativ la propriu, paradoxuri etc. în creație. A fost înființat de către scriitorul, artistul și omul de știință Florentin Smarandache, în anii 1980, în România, dorind lărgirea sferei artistice prin elemente neartistic...

Ce apare nou odată cu dezvoltarea paradoxismului? Nu numai o abordare nouă, dar şi identificarea unor noi tipuri de paradoxuri, de data aceasta paradoxuri generate fără voia noastră de către dualismul existent nu numai în viaţa noastră materială, dar şi în întreg universul. Nu mai este un secret pentru nimeni că noţiunile opuse - bine-rău, înalt-scund, sus-jos, mare-mic, bogat-sărac, yin-yang, minus-plus - nu pot exista separat. Tocmai aceste opoziţii naturale, obiective...

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Neutrosophic Dialogues

By: Florentin Smarandache; Feng Liu

Neutrosophy is a theory developed by Florentin Smarandache as a generalization of dialectics. This theory considers every notion or idea together with its opposite or negation and the spectrum of "neutralities" (i.e. notions or ideas located between the two extremes, supporting neither nor ). The and ideas together are referred to as . The theory proves that every idea tends to be neutralized and balanced by and ideas - as a state of equilibrium. In this book a ...

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Neutrosophy in Arabic Philosophy : (Arabic version): (Arabic version)

By: Florentin Smarandache; Salah Osman

Examples of Neutrosophy used in Arabic philosophy: - While Avicenna promotes the idea that the world is contingent if it is necessitated by its causes, Averroes rejects it, and both of them are right from their point of view. Hence and have common parts. - Islamic dialectical theology (kalam) promoting creationism was connected by Avicenna in an extraordinary way with the opposite Aristotelian-Neoplatonic tradition. Actually a lot of work by Avicenna falls into the f...

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СУЩНОСТЬ НЕЙТРОСОФИИ

By: Florentin Smarandache

Эта брошюра представляет читателям основы нейтрософии — новой науки, основанной в 1995 году известным математиком проф. Флорентином Смарандаке как обобщение диалектики. Нейтрософия изучает происхождение, природу и свойства нейтральностей. Благодаря этому нейтрософские методы исследования и анализа находят свое применение не только в чистой математике, но также в физике, технике, лингвистике, криминалистике и других современных науках, где необходим анализ “размытых” данн...

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Neutrosophy in Arabic Philosophy

By: Florentin Smarandache; Salah Osman

Examples of Neutrosophy used in Arabic philosophy: - While Avicenna promotes the idea that the world is contingent if it is necessitated by its causes, Averroes rejects it, and both of them are right from their point of view. Hence and have common parts. - Islamic dialectical theology (kalam) promoting creationism was connected by Avicenna in an extraordinary way with the opposite Aristotelian-Neoplatonic tradition. Actually a lot of work by Avicenna falls into the f...

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Neutrality and Many-Valued Logics

By: Andrew Schumann; Florentin Smarandache

In this book, we consider various many-valued logics: standard, linear, hyperbolic, parabolic, non-Archimedean, p-adic, interval, neutrosophic, etc. We survey also results which show the tree different proof-theoretic frameworks for many-valued logics, e.g. frameworks of the following deductive calculi: Hilbert's style, sequent, and hypersequent. Recall that hypersequents are a natural generalization of Gentzen's style sequents that was introduced independently by Avron ...

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Chinese Neutrosophy and Taoist Natural Philosophy

By: Florentin Smarandache; Jiang Zhengjie

While Taoism is based on the union of opposites, Neutrosophy considers the union of opposites and the neutralities in between them. We thought that the Neutrosophy and traditional Chinese Dialectics may be combined, and establish the Chinese Neutrosophy concept, with its premise about the existence of the universal absolute main body, whose existence may be theoretically proven through the establishment of Taoist Natural Philosophy.

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Neutrosophic Interpretation of The Analects of Confucius

By: Florentin Smarandache; Fu Yuhua

This book is the companion volume of "Neutrosophic Interpretation of Tao Te Ching,” its purpose is to extend the foundation and application range of “The Analects of Confucius.” The reasons for this are as follows. Firstly, we are willing to point out that The Analects of Confucius already has some limitations, because many questions we are interested in cannot be answered within “The Analects of Confucius.” For example, The Analects of Confucius basically discussed the ...

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Neutrosophic Interpretation of Tao Te Ching

By: Florentin Smarandache; Fu Yuhua

The purpose of this book is to extend the foundation and application range of 'Tao Te Ching'. The reasons for this are as follows. Firstly, we are willing to point out that 'Tao Te Ching' already has some limitation, because many questions we are interested in cannot be answered within 'Tao Te Ching'. For example, 'Tao Te Ching' basically discussed the matters in China, however considering all possible situations it should matter in foreign countries as well, i.e. the “g...

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Neutrosofia ca reflectare a realităţii neconvenţionale

By: Florentin Smarandache; Tudor Păroiu

Iluzia/realitate este o convenţie între cele două realităţi Realitatea în Sine şi realitatea noastră convenţională (iluzie/realitate). Este o convenţie a oricărei entităţi/univers cu realitatea prin spiritul fiecărei entităţi/univers indiferent dacă entitatea/univers este de existenţă sau de efect sau în particular de natură matematică, fizică, chimică, biologică, etc. (ca în cazul neutrosofiei lui Smarandache) sau dacă este de natură generală a unei filozofii neconvenţi...

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